WALLPAPER

DAIRY BREED IMPROVEMENT PROGRAM AND CHALLENGES IN PAKISTAN

Participants

Sardar Hasnain Bahadur Dreshak Minister Livestock and dairy development. Punjab

Prof. Dr. Talat Naseer Pasha (S.I) | Vice Chancellor |UoE Lahore.

Prof. Dr. Nasim Ahmad (S.I) | Vice Chancellor |UVAS Lahore.

Prof. Dr. Masroor Ellahi Babar | Vice Chancellor | UoA, D.I Khan

Sardar Fahad Khan | CEO | Mega Cattle & Livestock Co.

Prof. Dr. Asif Ali | Vice Chancellor | MNS-University of Agriculture | Multan.

Ahmad Sajjad | CEO| Dairy and Rural Development Foundation

Dr. Shahzad Naveed Jadoon |Director/CEO | Alltech Pakistan Pvt. Ltd.

Prof. Dr. M. Sajjad Khan |Vice Chancellor | CUVAS.

Dr. Aleem Bhatti |Director – Big Bird.

Saad Hassan | Director | Dada Dairies

Dr.  Muhammad Farooq | Director Marketing | Al Haiwan

Dr. Tasneem Akhtar |Ex- Chief Research Officer | BRI

Haroon Lodhi | CEO | Solve Agri Pak Pvt. Ltd.

Shiekh Muhammad Laeeque

National Debate on Dairy Breed Improvement Program & Challenges in Pakistan was conducted based on below mentioned three point agenda shared by Dr. Shahzad Naveed Jadoon in start of meeting:

  • What are challenges in Breed Improvement
  • What plans we must look for improvement
  • What is short term, Medium Term & Long-Term way forwards for us

Breed & Breeding challenges

  • Lack of breed census and true database.
  • Body Condition of local animals is not ideal to conceive/perform well with the imported sex semen.
  • Absences of Local Human Resource and experts in animal breeding and genetics.
  • Unavailability of trained AITs.
  • Subsistence farmers (Target farms) facing serious nutritional deficiency challenge and small farms lack vaccination.
  • Lack of review of literature to support/validate the proposed govt. program.
    No objective evaluation of exotic animal off springs to know either these are beneficial for the country or not.
  • It is not the cost of semen but the unavailability of the insemination services and the quality of these services, awareness of the farmer and availability of inputs, which are the issues.
  • Previously imported doses were not properly utilized rather isused/forcefully imposed on the farmers.
  • Farmers don’t have access and get educated about the R&D findings at universities.
  • Major challenges that a farmers faces are of breeding, nutrition and health.
    Already Farmers are unable to fetch right price for the milk produced with current productivity of animal, it will be of no use to maximize the existing productivity with induction of imported sex semen.
  • At present, many needed vaccines are not allowed to be imported.
  • Livestock (sheep, goat…) unorganized sector.
  • Dairy is a credit market and dairy business has become less profitable.
  • FMD has been a threat for dairy animal, and demands efficient vaccinations.
  • Farmers can’t afford FMD Vaccination.
  • Challenges vary with regions e.g.: In Sindh, Farmers face the challenge of recycling their buffalo.

Way Forward:

  • Digital/ Electronic Database of livestock farmers (Govt. officials, experts, stakeholders group) should be maintained and categories should be well defined that must outline as the number of heads etc.
  • An immediate meeting of experts from breeding and genetics, and govt. officials should be called and a strategic breed improvement plan should be discussed.
  • Effective alternative ideas, solutions should be put forward to rectify the proposed govt. program.
  • Development of crossbred lines (bulls) locally should be encouraged as locally produce semen will be cheaper in price.
  • Policy (both short and long term) should be made focusing the needs of each segments (Corporate Farming, Non-descript farming, Low input non-Descripts)
  • For breed improvement, latest genomic technologies (Genomic semen) should be allowed and promoted to get the desired traits to overcome the gap with International world.
  • Instead of spending huge money on semen import, experts from around the globe can be invited to Pakistan to study and evaluate the industry, and transform it with cutting edge technology and latest knowledge. Moreover, it will prove effective in capacity building of local talent.
  • Market dynamics should be studied to understand the market, economics and viability of a business on the basis of which local decisions should be customized.
  • Breed Record keeping mechanism should be revived as it will facilitate and improve the selection criteria.
  • Keeping in view the climate change and food security, Identify local available resources, maintain a database for dairy and beef challenges and draw future plan accordingly.
  • Sex sorting of local animals should be focused for breed improvement.
    1×25 cow program should be elaborated and launched; modern technologies (IVF, OPU) should be adopted to improve the local breeds.
  • Breed programs and policy should be reviewed and revised to counter the climatic factors. Govt. should set their priorities.
  • Investments should be made in IVF labs, installation of semen production unit and sexing technology where produced embryos can be placed in non-descript cow of small farmer for breed improvement.
  • Survival of animals, disease eradication and nutrition are areas of utmost importance and must be addressed definitively as part of policy.
  • Focus on Medium input models and invasion of technology (latest) – customize and improve existing models, incentivization of medium input farmers to uplift and improve their practices and profitability.
  • Monitoring of non-descript cattle city-wise/ district-wise.
  • Breeding, health and Nutrition coupons should be introduced. Breeding coupons should include Semen doses combined with allied AI services and quality vaccines.
  • Livestock support funds or Relief Packages should be launched at first to cater the issues of breeding, health and nutrition.
  • Govt. should focus on improving the efficiency of FMD Vaccination Program, along with it Fedral govt. can direct DRAP and take initiative to register the needed vaccines and allow its import to facilitate the farmers.
  • Regularization and Standardization of services should be subjected to consideration and strict implementation.
  • Ownership and organization should be strengthen to exploit the local resources.
  • Target to control FMD, it will improve beef export and reduce the number of dairy vaccination. Govt. should not spend any money in medication as it often has resulted in over deworming.
  • Focus on public sustainable farmers.

Opportunities:

  • Beef (fattening) is emerging as profitable and viable business for local investors than dairy.
  • Beef is a cash market versus milk. Local breeds are in transition and holds immense beef potential.
  • What would be the fate of non-descript cattle of Pakistan?