Pakistan is rich in buffalo breeds, buffalo research, and buffalo milk production. To leverage its advantages and enhance Pakistan-China cooperation in this field, we hope to set up a dairy processing plant in Pakistan,” Chen Yiyi, President of Royal Group, told China-Pakistan Agricultural and Industrial Cooperation Information Platform (CPAIC) after completing a week-long visit to Pakistan. Gu Wenliang, Agriculture Commissioner of the Chinese Embassy in Pakistan, told that Pakistan is the fourth largest milk producer in the world, with buffalo milk accounting for 60%. There are 41 million buffaloes in Pakistan and milk yield is higher than that in China. Pakistan’s buffalo milk is rich in flavour and fat. The official website of Guangxi Buffalo Research Institute showed that the dry matter content of buffalo milk accounts for 18.4%, much higher than that of ordinary milk, the fat percentage and protein of buffalo milk reach 7.9% and 4.5% respectively, which are higher than the average values of 3.82% and 3.25% of raw milk in China (from the China Dairy Association). “It is not allowed in Pakistan so far to export live animals,” noted Dr. Khurshid Ahmad, Animal Husbandry Commissioner of the Ministry of National Food Security and Research. In this condition, the Chinese enterprise has to make a detour to import Pakistan’s buffalo oocytes and frozen sperm. However, Pakistan is faced with several conundrums on the technological front. Pakistani buffalo embryo breeding technology in Pakistan is falling behind (low demand) and commercial export has not yet been realized. Pakistan hopes to introduce Chinese buffalo embryo breeding technology and strengthen cooperation in buffalo breeding and export of high-quality frozen sperm If regulations permit, we are willing to share China’s experience and embryo technology,” In addition to technological cooperation, “we are also willing to develop dairy product processing and industrial research in Pakistan to meet the demand of its domestic market and seek export to the Chinese and international markets. That will not only create foreign exchange reserves for Pakistan but will also enhance the competitiveness of China and Pakistan in milk and meat production in Asia,” Chen added. According to the Economic Survey report of Pakistan’s government, 15% of Pakistani milk production was wasted due to improper transportation and lack of refrigeration equipment in fiscal year 2019-20. According to the PDA, the export of dairy products and milk in Pakistan can actually reach $30 billion while the export value in fiscal year 2020 was only $680 million. To improve the processing capacity of dairy products and reduce foreign exchange losses, “Pakistani governments at all levels have been dedicated to improving the investment environment in the past five years and that has facilitated investors,” Chen said. If Pakistan’s buffalo milk can be exported to China, it will not only add to Pakistan’s foreign exchange reserves but will also provide a more favorable price for Chinese consumers. Cooperation between the two governments further strengthening and the investment environment is improving.