EQUINE NEWS

5 SAFETY PRECAUTIONS FOR MARE AND FOAL

If you have ever been involved in breeding mares, then you already know how much work, time and energy is put into ensuring that each broodmare births a healthy foal. The last few months leading up to foaling can be an intense time for your mare, as she moves into a breeding stall, adapts to increased feed requirements and deals with the stress associated with rapidly changing hormones. Therefore, optimize your breeding operation and protect both mare and foal in 5 easy steps.

  1. Maintain the recommended vaccination and deworming schedules.

– keep newborn foal up to date on vaccinations, Make a plan with vet.

– Additional mare vaccination one month prior to foaling.

– Deworm mare both prior and after to reduce risk of parasitic transmission.

  1. Prepare the foaling stall.

– Foaling stall should be minimum 14’x14’.

– Should be clean and protected from inclement weather

– Stall should be bedded with straw 1-02 days prior due date.

  1. Focus on nutrition

     – Nutrient requirements increases in third trimester and highest during lactation.

-Slowly and safely increase feed during end of second trimester or beginning of third trimester, to ensure that mare receiving her required nutrients.

– Watch for any colic signs and consider supplementing research backed probiotics.

  1. Monitor the mare closely.

– Observe sign prior to foaling:

– Waxing of teats (1-2d before) | Udder area filling with milk | (2-4wks.before) | Relaxation of    vulva and tailhead |Restlessness | Pacing | Laying and getting up often.

  1. Ensure that the newborn foal receives the proper colostrum levels.

      – First 4hrs, crucial for foal health and wellness. It must receive life-saving antibodies from    colostrum first 8- 12hrs, after birth.